The green tomb on the proper houses the grave of Salahuddin Ayyubi, the good general who repelled the Crusaders at the Horns of Hattin in northern Palestine and recaptured Jerusalem for the Muslims on 2nd October 1187 CE. On the left is an empty marble sarcophagus donated by Emperor Kaiser Bill of Germany to the mausoleum.
Salahuddin Ayyubi’s real name was Yusuf ibn Ayyub, the title of Salahuddin which he was given thanks to his extraordinary qualities means ‘the Righteousness of the Faith’. He was born in Tikrit, in modern-day central Iraq, His family was of Kurdish background and ancestry, Between 1187 and 1189 CE Salahuddin Ayyubi took 50 Crusader castles and far of the Crusader kingdom. However, even his enemies thought him chivalrous and honourable. During the siege of Kerak castle he refused to bombard a tower during which a honeymoon couple were staying.
Baha ad-Din, one in every of Salahuddin’s officials wrote, “…Everyone who appeared before him was treated with honour, even an infidel … Once a Frankish prisoner was brought before him in whom the Sultan aroused such fear that the marks of terror and agitation were visible in his face. The interpreter asked him: ‘What are you afraid of?’ God inspired him to reply, ‘At first i used to be scared of seeing that face, but after seeing it and standing in his presence, i’m sure that I shall see only good in it.’ The Sultan was moved, pardoned him, and let him go free…”He and Richard (the Lionheart) grew to respect each other as military leaders. When Salahuddin Ayyubi heard that Richard had fallen ill in Ascalon, he sent peaches and pears to assist restore him to health. He also sent packs of snow from Mount Hermann to chill the King’s fever. At Arsuf, when Richard lost his horse, Salahuddin sent him two replacements. The Jewish philosopher Maimonides was one amongst Salahuddin Ayyubi’s personal physicians. When Jerusalem was recaptured, Salahuddin invited the Jews, who had been excluded by the Crusaders to come back back, particularly the Jews of Ashkelon seasoned his request. Salahuddin died of a fever on March 4 1193, at Damascus, shortly after Richard’s departure. Since Salahuddin had given most of his money away for charity, after they opened his treasury they found there wasn’t enough money to pay money for his funeral.